Anna and Emma visited the tenth Nordic conference about language and gender, which this time was held in Akureyri during October 20th-21st. We presented one of our studies where we have shown that henseems to be able to reduce the male bias in our language.
Hen might reduce the male bias in the Swedish language
Abstract. In Swedish, the gender-neutral third-person singular pronoun ‘hen’ has been introduced, existing parallel with the two pronouns representing ‘she’ and ‘he’. One argument against the use of hen, is that there already exist gender neutral words in the Swedish language – hence no new words are needed, it is argued. However, earlier research on assumed gender-neutral words have identified a strong male bias, meaning that so-called neutral words are not perceived as neutral, but associated with masculinity. We examine if ‘hen’ more effectively can reduce the male bias, compared to other grammatically gender-neutral, and historically older, Swedish words. In one social psychological experiment, framed as a recruitment study, the 276 participants read about a job candidate applying for a gender-neutral position (in terms of gender distribution) as real-estate agent. The candidate was referred to as one of four gender-neutral words: ‘the applicant’ (den sökande), ‘the person’ (personen), the new gender-neutral third-person pronoun singular ‘hen’, or the impersonal pronoun singular ‘it’ (den; sometimes used as a gender-neutral personal pronoun). When having read the description, the participants were asked to choose what photo they believed showed the candidate, from four choices (two women and two men). Results show that ‘hen’ was the only condition not affected by a male bias: Most participants associated ‘the applicant’ (68 %), ‘the person’ (71 %) and ‘den’ (63 %) with a masculine gender, compared to the participants reading about ‘hen’ (52%). In sum, ‘hen’ seems to be genuinely gender neutral, compared to other “neutral” paraphrases, and could thereby be used to reduce gender bias in language.
The Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Forte) announced that we (with Anna as project manager) were given just over 3,2 million SEK in research funds for our research about how gender-neutral and gender fair language can lead to increased equality in society on the 27thof September.
The title of the project is The Importance of Language for Equality in the Work Place,and aims to investigate just that. How can actively constructed attempts towards gender neutrality and inclusiveness, e.g. hen, affect actual equality and decrease discrimination within working life?
All project members were at the EASP Small Meeting in Berlin during 24th-26thof June, which had the theme Gender Roles in the Future? Theoretical Foundations and Future Research Directions. We presented our project about hen.
Download our poster as pdf: Neutral pronouns as promoters of gender equality
Anna, Hellen och Marie have been in Vienna to present two studies about hen at ICPS (the International Convention of Psychological Science). Feel free to download our posters as pdf-files below:
Breaking gender and heterosexuality norms predicts positive attitude toward gender-neutral pronoun in Swedish
Vergoossen, H. P., Bäck, E. A., Lindqvist, A., Gustafsson Sendén, M.
Could hen reduce the gender bias in the Swedish language?
Lindqvist, A., Bäck, E. A., Gustafsson Sendén, M.
The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences has announced that we (with Marie as PI) were given just over 4,4 million SEK in research funding to for our research about hen. The title of the project is The faces of hen and aims at analyze how the word “hen” might break the binary gender dichotomy in person-perception.
Anna, Emma and Marie have been in Chicago two present two studies about hen at APS (Association for Psychological Science, 28th Annual Convention):
Predictors of the usage of and the attitudes toward a new gender-neutral pronoun (Bäck, Lindqvist, Vergoossen, Gustafsson Sendén)
Participants (n=1331) responded to a questionnaire about attitudes towards the recently introduced Swedish gender-neutral pronoun ‘hen’. Results showed that almost all participants used the word themselves, although the attitudes varied. Age, political views and sexism were identified as the most important factors when predicting attitudes and frequency of use.
[download poster as pdf]
Contemporary Arguments Against Gender-Neutral Language (Vergoossen, Bäck, Lindqvist, Gustafsson Sendén)
Arguments against a current language reform in Swedish – the introduction of a gender-neutral third personal pronoun as a complement to she and he – were analyzed and compared to previous arguments against the introduction of double forms (he/she) in English. Although the reforms differ, the arguments are surprisingly similar.
[download poster as pdf]
Welcome to a website about gender-neutral language, with a special focus on the Swedish gender-neutral pronoun hen.